Philippines Employment Rate Recorded at 92.6 percent in January 2011
Published/Updated on: 21-March-2011
These are the results from the January 2011 Labor Force Survey (LFS).
January 2011 *¹
Population 15 years and over (in '000)
Labor Force Participation Rate (%)
Employment Rate (%)
Unemployment Rate (%)
Underemployment Rate (%)
Notes: *¹ - Estimates for January 2011 are preliminary and may change
The January 2011 Labor Force Survey (LFS) placed the employment rate at 92.6 percent. This figure is not significantly different from the estimate reported in January last year, which was 92.7 percent.
The regions that posted high employment rates in January 2011 were Cagayan Valley and Zamboanga Peninsula, each registering a rate of 96.9 percent, SOCCSKSARGEN, 96.8 percent, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), 96.1 percent, and MIMAROPA, 95.7 percent. The National Capital Region (NCR) had the lowest employment rate at 88.0 percent.
The January 2011 LFS placed the size of the labor force at approximately 39.2 million persons out of the estimated 61.5 million population 15 years old and over, resulting in the labor force participation rate (LFPR) of 63.7 percent. Among the regions, MIMAROPA registered the highest labor force participation rate at 70.0 percent while the lowest was posted in ARMM at 55.7 percent.
Of the estimated 36.3 million employed persons in January 2011, the services sector was the largest group comprising more than half (52.5%) of the total employed population. The largest employed workforce in the services sector were in wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods (20.0% of the total employed).
Workers in the agriculture sector accounted for 32.9 percent of the total employed, with those engaged in the agriculture, hunting and forestry sub-sector making up the largest sub-sector (29.0% of the total employed). Only 14.5 percent of the total employed were in the industry sector, with the manufacturing sub-sector making up the largest percentage (8.1% of the total employed).
Among the various occupation groups, the laborers and unskilled workers comprised the largest group making up 31.7 percent of the total employed persons in January 2011. Farmers, forestry workers and fishermen were the second largest group, accounting for 16.0 percent of the total employed.
Employed persons fall into any of these categories: wage and salary workers, own account workers and unpaid family workers. Wage and salary workers are those who work for private households, private establishments, government or government corporations and those who work with pay in own-family operated farm or business. The majority (54.7%) of the total employed population in January 2011 were wage and salary workers, with the largest percentage (40.9%) working for private establishments. Those working for the government/government controlled corporations accounted for only 8.1 percent and those working for private households, 5.3 percent. Self-employed workers without any paid employee constituted 30.4 percent of the total employed while employers in own-family operated farm or business made up 3.6 percent share. The unpaid family workers accounted for 11.3 percent of the total employed.
Employed persons are classified as either full-time workers or part-time workers. Full-time workers are those who work for 40 hours or more while part-time workers work for less than 40 hours. Of the total employed persons in January 2011, 62.4 percent were working full time while 36.3 percent were part-time workers.
Employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job, or to have additional job, or to have a new job with longer working hours are considered underemployed. The number of underemployed persons in January 2011 was estimated at 7.1 million placing the underemployment rate at 19.4 percent. About 60.5 percent of the total underemployed persons were working less than 40 hours during the reference week. Such type of underemployed workers are classified as visibly underemployed. Those working for 40 hours or more accounted for 37.0 percent. The underemployed in the agriculture sector accounted for 44.8 percent of the total underemployed, those in the services sector at 40.4 percent and in the industry sector at 14.8 percent.
The unemployment rate in January 2011 was estimated at 7.4 percent. There were more unemployed males (62.7% of all unemployed) than females (37.3%). Almost half (48.9%) of the unemployed were in age group 15-24 years. More than one third (35.1%) of the unemployed were high school graduates, and almost two-fifth (39.1%) reached college education.
(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA Administrator
Starting July 2003, the Labor Force Survey (LFS) adopted the 2003 Master Sample Design, with a sample size of approximately 50,000 households.
The 1992 four-digit code for Philippine Standard Occupational Classification (PSOC) and 1994 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) were used in classifying the occupation and industry.
Starting April 2005, the new unemployment definition was adopted per NSCB Resolution Number 15 dated October 20, 2004. As indicated in the said resolution, the unemployed include all persons who are 15 years and over as of their last birthday and are reported as: (1) without work and currently available for work and seeking work; or (2) without work and currently available for work but not seeking work for the following reasons:
1.) Tired/believed no work available 2.) Awaiting results of previous job application 3.) Temporary illness/disability 4.) Bad weather 5.) Waiting for rehire/job recall
Starting with the January 2007 LFS round, the population projections based on the 2000 Census of Population was adopted to generate the labor force statistics. This is in compliance with NSCB Resolution No. 1 series of 2005 entitled "Adoption of the Methodology Used in Generating the 2000 Census of Population and Housing-Based National Population Projections"... .
Income and Employment Statistics Division Household Statistics Department National Statistics Office Manila, Philippines