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Detect Windows Server version 32/64-bit in CLI

Detect Windows Server version 32/64-bit in CLI

What's the best and quickest way to detect whether you're running a 32 or 64-bit version of Windows Server from the command line?

Asked by: Guest | Views: 34
Total answers/comments: 5
Guest [Entry]

"A slightly quicker way would be to check for the existence of the %ProgramFiles(x86)% directory. If it exists then you're running 64-bit, if it doesn't exist then you're running 32-bit.

Quick one-liner:

if exist ""%ProgramFiles(x86)%"" echo 64-bit

That will output 64-bit if the directory exists. That would fail, though, if it didn't exist as a variable but it did exist as a directory (as %ProgramFiles(x86)%).

You can also use the find tool to have a more accurate way to determine bitness.

set | find ""ProgramFiles(x86)""

or using the systeminfo command previously

systeminfo | find /I ""System type""

(included the /I to work across XP/2003/2008/etc)"
Guest [Entry]

"systeminfo

It will list quite a bit, about 10 fields down there is one called System Type. This will tell you if it's x86 or x64"
Guest [Entry]

"There are numerous ways to check the processor architecture under Windows:

The fastest, easiest, and most compatible way to check the processor architecture in at least Windows 2000 and up is to examine the PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE environment variable:
echo %PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE%

However, this can give different results, depending on the way in which the command-prompt is opened. To avoid getting “unexpected results” due to WoW64, you can read it directly from the registry (Microsoft made no less than two typos in the key):
reg query ""HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Environment"" /v PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE

Microsoft also suggests reading the hardware information store from the registry:
reg query ""HKLM\Hardware\Description\System\CentralProcessor\0"" /v Identifier

You can also check for the existence of the x86 version of the Program Files directory (or the environment variable that points to it) since it would only exist on a 64-bit system. Unlike the PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE variable, this is not dependant on the way that the command prompt is run since the directory exists (or not) regardless of how the prompt is opened:

::via env-var
if not defined ProgramFiles(x86) echo 32-bit

::via file-system
if not exist ""%systemdrive%\Program Files (x86)"" echo 32-bit

These methods can be combined in a single batch-file (e.g., cpuinfo.bat) and provides a nice, lightning fast way to check the system from a standard Windows NT command-prompt without needing to resort to running other programs or frameworks.
This was tested on 32-bit and Intel 64-bit systems (please test on AMD64), giving correct results in <1 second:
@echo off

echo PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE var:
echo %PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE% | find /i ""x86"" > nul
if %errorlevel%==0 (
echo 32-bit
) else (
echo 64-bit
)
echo.

echo PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE reg:
reg query ""HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Environment"" /v PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE | find /i ""x86"" > nul
if %errorlevel%==0 (
echo 32-bit
) else (
echo 64-bit
)
echo.

echo CentralProcessor reg:
reg query ""HKLM\Hardware\Description\System\CentralProcessor\0"" | find /i ""x86"" > nul
if %errorlevel%==0 (
echo 32-bit
) else (
echo 64-bit
)
echo.

echo ProgramFiles(x86) var:
if not defined ProgramFiles(x86) (
echo 32-bit
) else (
echo 64-bit
)
echo.

echo ProgramFiles(x86) dir:
if not exist ""%systemdrive%\Program Files (x86)"" (
echo 32-bit
) else (
echo 64-bit
)
echo."
Guest [Entry]

"GENERIC SOLUTION

I really had to dig into this and have a real look around in WMI.

The best option in my opinion is to simply use this PowerShell string

(Get-WmiObject win32_ComputerSystem -ComputerName $ComputerName).SystemType

This even work with old Windows 2003 and XP

The answer will be one of

X86-based PC
x64-based PC

x64-based PC

Or if reverting to some old fashioned cmd tools

wmic computersystem get systemtype"
Guest [Entry]

"Although this is not the ideal answer, and systeminfo.exe should be your preferred method of determining the system type, i.e. 32-bit or 64-bit, this solution runs a little faster if you do not want to wait for systeminfo.exe to finish its work.

The command:

reg.exe query ""HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion"" | find ""BuildLabEx""

With the correct changes to the registry query and search string you can also check for operating system versions as far back as Windows 95. systeminfo.exe is more exact and the correct way of querying, reg.exe query is faster and more backwards compatible."