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Using Xming X Window Server over a VPN

Using Xming X Window Server over a VPN

"I have the Xming X Window Server installed on a laptop running Windows XP to connect to some UNIX development servers.

It works fine when I connect directly to the company network in the office. However, it does not work when I connect to the network remotely over a VPN.

When I start Xming when connected remotely none of my terminal Windows are displayed.

I think it may have something to do with the DISPLAY environment variable not being set correctly to the IP address of the laptop when it is connected.

I've noticed that when I do an ipconfig whilst connected remotely that my laptop has two IP addresses, the one assigned to it from the company network and the local IP address I've set up for it on my ""local network"" from my modem/router.

Are there some configuration changes I need to make in Xming to support its use through the VPN?"

Asked by: Guest | Views: 106
Total answers/comments: 4
Guest [Entry]

"Chances are it's either X authentication, the X server binding to an interface, or your DISPLAY variable. I don't use Xming myself but there are some general phenomenon to check for. One test you can do to manually verify the DISPLAY variable is correct is:

Start your VPN. Run ipconfig to be sure you have the two IP addresses you mentioned (your local IP and your VPN IP).
Start Xming. Run 'netstat -n' to see how it's binding to the interface. You should see something that either says localIP:6000 or VPNIP:6000. It may not be 6000 but chances are it will be something like that. If there's no VPNIP:6000 it may be binding only to your localIP or even That will probably not work over the VPN. Check if there are some Xming settings to make it bind to other or all interfaces.
If you see VPNIP:6000 or something similar, take note of what it says and remote shell into your UNIX host (hopefully something like ssh, if not whatever you have to get a text terminal).
On the UNIX terminal type 'echo $DISPLAY'. If there is nothing displayed try 'export DISPLAY=VPNIP:0.0' where VPNIP is your VPN IP address and 0.0 is the port you saw in step 3 minus 6000 with .0 at the end (i.e. 6000 = 0.0, 6010 = 10.0).
On the UNIX host run something like 'xclock' or 'xterm' to see if it runs. The error message should be informative. It will tell you that it either couldn't connect to the host (a connectivity problem) or authentication failed (you'll need to coordinate Xauth on your host and local machine or Xhosts on your local machine).

Opening Xhosts (with + for all hosts or something similar) isn't too bad if you have a locally protected network and you're going over a VPN. Hopefully this will get you started tracking down the problem. Another option that is often useful as it works over a VPN or simple ssh connectivity is ssh tunneling or X11 forwarding over ssh. This simulates connectivity to the X server on your local box by redirecting a port on your UNIX host to the local port on your X server box. Your display will typically be something like localhost:10.0 for the local 6010 port.

X can be ornery to set up but it usually works great once you get the hang of it."
Guest [Entry]

"Thanks for the help @Stephen and @Greg Castle, using it I've managed to resolve my problem.

To provide a basic guide for others (from scratch):

Using Xwindows on a Windows PC to connect to a UNIX server over a VPN

What you need to start with:

The Putty Telnet/SSH client, download putty.exe (for free) from:

The Xming X server, download Xming (for free) from:


What to do:

Install both of the above on your Windows PC
From the Windows start menu select: Programs -> Xming -> Xming
Run the Putty.exe program in the location you downloaded it to
In the PuTTY configuration screen do the following:

Set the IP address to be the IP address of your UNIX server
Select the SSH Protocol radio-button
Click the SSH : Tunnels category in the left hand pane of the configuration screen
Click the Enable X11 forwarding check-box
Click the Open button
Logon as usual to your UNIX server
Check the directory containing the X windows utilities are in your path, e.g. /usr/X/bin on Solaris
Run your X Windows commands in your putty window and they will spawn new windows on your desktop"
Guest [Entry]

"I got Xming and PuTTY working with Cisco VPN by replacing the PuTTY configuration in Connection > SSH > X11 > X display location, localhost:0.0, with VPNIP:0.0. VPNIP can be seen in the VPN statistics client address information by left-clicking on the VPN client lock icon and choose Statistics....

I didn't muck with the DISPLAY environment variable on the remote host. But, like others, I modified sshd_config on the remote host, adding these lines:

X11Forwarding yes
X11DisplayOffset 10
X11UseLocalhost yes
AddressFamily inet"
Guest [Entry]

"I had nothing but problems with Xming. When I could get it to work it was extremely slow (this is over a VPN). IMO X is not designed to run over slow connections its too chatty. And by slow connection I mean anything less then a LAN connection.

My solution was to use x11vnc. It lets you access your existing X11 session through VNC. I just ssh into my box through the VPN and launch:

$ x11vnc -display :0

That way I can access everything I had opened during the day. Then when I don't I just exit (Ctrl-C) in the terminal to close x11vnc."