Claiming fact lies in whether something is true or wrong, but the possibility of controversy, conflict and conversion must always be there.
The sun is shining today is not a claim of fact, but there may be signs and symptoms of a medical emergency, as well as a defendant accused of a crime.
Claims of Fact
The claims must be specific in terms of time , place, people involved and situation. Can you investigate the facts of your claim through original research, such as interviews or fieldwork? If it is a text, how thoroughly, carefully and critically can you read it to determine its flaws and strengths? Use descriptive and analytical writing to explore every angle of your problem. Or claim the facts to assess your level of truce.