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How to Conduct an Earthquake Drill in School
STAGE 1: PLANNING
Form a School Disaster Management Committee (SDMC)
Prepare EARTHQUAKE SURVIVAL KIT
STAGE 2: DEVELOPING THE EARTHQUAKE EVACUATION PLAN
Use all available OPEN SPACES nearest to the building.
Determine if there is sufficient open space for all, set a buffer zone from the building.
Consider the number of students in each building (per session).
Make sure that evacuation route will not expose the students to additional hazards.
STAGE 3: ORIENTATION PRIOR TO THE CONDUCT OF AN EARTHQUAKE DRILL
B. Protect Yourself
What to do DURING an earthquake?
Keep away from glass window and heavy shelves.
STAGE 4: ACTUAL CONDUCT OF AN EARTHQUAKE DRILL
Phases of an Earthquake Drill
Phase 1. Alarm
During the drill, the 1-minute alarm indicates earthquake or shaking.
Phase 2. Response
While the alarm is ongoing, everyone should perform "duck, cover and hold". Remain in this position until the "shaking" stops.
Phase 3. Evacuation
As soon as the shaking stops, immediately evacuate the school building and proceed to identified evacuation areas using the pre-determined routes guided by the class marshall or teacher.
Phase 4. Assembly
At the designated evacuation area, students must be grouped together according to the class where they belong.
Phase 5. Head Count
Teachers should check and make sure all students are accounted for.
Phase 6. Evaluation
The over-all coordinator will announce the termination of drill or "All clear".
An evaluation of the drill must be conducted to identify problems encountered during the drill and how these can be improved in future earthquake drills.
Observers will give their comments and suggestions when all are gathered in the evacuation areas.
WHEN IS THE TIME TO EVACUATE?
After a very strong earthquake wherein you lose balance or could not stand, and heavy objects and furniture start to be moved or shifted.
As need arises or as declared by authorities.
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