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Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C
"""Hepatitis C: What is it?

The hepatitis C virus is the infectious agent that causes the liver illness hepatitis C. (HCV). Hepatitis C infections happen when the virus may get into the bloodstream and get to the liver. There are also additional viral hepatitis strains, including hepatitis A, B, D, and E. Despite the fact that they also affect the liver, these illnesses and the viruses that cause them are unrelated to hepatitis C. They might exhibit additional, distinct symptoms and diverse routes of transmission, indicating that there are various means for disseminating the disease as well as various techniques for preventing and controlling these conditions.

How long does hepatitis C take to manifest?

Hepatitis C typically takes 6 to 7 weeks to develop after first coming into contact with the virus, although it can take anything from 2 weeks to 6 months. Not everyone who has the hepatitis C virus will have symptoms.

What signs or symptoms does hepatitis C have?

Whether hepatitis C develops into an acute or chronic infection will affect how it progresses. About 60 to 75 percent of people will not have any symptoms (asymptomatic). Fever, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, stomach pain, fatigue, joint pain, dark urine, pale feces, and yellowing of the skin and eyes are some of the symptoms of hepatitis C infection that might be present (jaundice). For two to twelve weeks, symptoms last. According to Health Canada, 60 to 70 percent of hepatitis C patients do not experience symptoms until their liver has already been harmed. A chronic disease will arise in about 75% of people who had an acute infection. About 25% of those with chronic hepatitis C will recover on their own (spontaneously). Constipation, pruritus (itching), malaise, and abdominal discomfort are all signs of persistent infection.

What hepatitis C tests are available?

Hepatitis C is diagnosed primarily through two diagnostic procedures: the hepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV) test and the hepatitis C ribonucleic acid (RNA) test. Depending on how long it has been since the suspected infection, one or both tests may be used.

Hepatitis C is spread in what way?

The main way that the hepatitis C virus is transmitted is through contact with blood. Hepatitis C may be contracted through the use of needles, occupational exposure to blood, use of contaminated instruments for body piercing, tattooing, or acupuncture, exposure to dental or medical settings with lax infection control procedures, or sharing of personal care items such as toothbrushes, nail clippers, razors, and scissors with infected individuals. There is also a risk when sharing blood-contaminated drug paraphernalia such needles, spoons, pipes, and straws. Getting this virus via a blood transfusion carries a small but real danger. Hepatitis C virus testing is performed on every donation of blood. Between sex partners, hepatitis C has been spread. It has also, if infrequently, spread among family members due to regular physical contact with minor cuts or skin rashes. HCV can be transmitted to a newborn by a mother who has the disease. There is no proof that casual contact can transfer the hepatitis C virus. Kissing, embracing, coughing, and sneezing do not increase the risk of contracting hepatitis C. Furthermore, there is no proof that the hepatitis C virus is transmitted through food or drink. Hepatitis C virus can persist for up to three weeks on surfaces outside the body.

How widespread is hepatitis C?

In Canada, there were 32.2 recorded cases of HCV infection per 100,000 people on average between 2006 and 2015. According to the Public Health Agency of Canada, up to 245,987 Canadians may have chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection as of 2011, although an estimated 44% of those individuals are not aware of their infection.

How is hepatitis C managed?

When treatment is required, direct-acting antiviral medications are often used to treat hepatitis C. Hepatitis C is currently regarded as a treatable infection by Health Canada.

What professions carry a higher risk of contracting hepatitis C?

The likelihood of contracting hepatitis C at work is influenced by the quantity of exposure to human blood or blood products as well as needlestick wounds. Generally speaking, occupational categories at higher risk include those that frequently come into contact with human blood and are susceptible to needlestick injuries, such as healthcare professionals, dentists, and laboratory people.

How can hepatitis C be avoided at work?

Hepatitis C is currently not preventable by vaccine. By implementing infection control policies appropriate for the particular workplace, the risk of contracting hepatitis C can be greatly decreased. The first line of defense against hepatitis C and other blood-borne illnesses for employees is infection control measures. The Public Health Agency of Canada advises standard procedures if there is a possibility of coming into contact with blood or other bodily fluids. For more details, check the OSH Answers document Routine Practices."""
 

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"Hepatitis C" was written by Mary under the Health category. It has been read 28 times and generated 0 comments. The article was created on and updated on 18 November 2022.
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