An immune system condition called sarcoidosis can affect any organ in the body. However, the lymph nodes, particularly those in the chest cavity, and lungs are where it most usually begins. Granulomas, which are tiny (microscopic) patches or lumps of inflammatory cells, are a hallmark of sarcoidosis. Within an organ, the granulomas can develop into larger clusters and have an impact on how well the organ works. Granulomas can be discovered inside the body, for instance, on the bronchial and bronchiole walls in the lungs, which are breathing tubes. They may also show up as skin sores. Additionally, sarcoidosis can damage the liver, spleen, nerves, heart, brain, salivary glands, tear glands, bones, and joints, however this is less common.
What signs or symptoms indicate sarcoidosis?
There are numerous symptoms associated with sarcoidosis, or none at all. It's not spreadable. Depending on which organs are impacted, different symptoms exist. For instance, people with pulmonary sarcoidosis may have chest pain, shortness of breath, wheezing, and a chronic dry cough. Additionally, there may be weakness, weariness, and weight loss. The illness can cause overall discomfort, loss of appetite and/or weight, fever, stiff joints, scaly rashes, and disfiguring sores on the nose, cheeks, and ears in situations when it manifests beyond the lungs. Additionally, sarcoidosis can harm the eyes without exhibiting any symptoms. Eye pain, impaired vision, extreme redness, and sensitivity to light are just a few of the eye symptoms that can appear.
The diagnosis of sarcoidosis is how?
The patient's medical history, physical examinations, laboratory testing, lung function studies, chest x-rays, CT scans, and eye exams are used to make the diagnosis of sarcoidosis. By ruling out other illnesses with comparable symptoms and taking a sample of any damaged organs, the diagnosis is verified. Cancer is not a form of sarcoidosis.
How frequent is it?
Typically, sarcoidosis strikes people between the ages of 20 and 40. Scandinavian and African-American people are more likely to have sarcoidosis. Both men and women are affected, but research indicates that women are more prone to experience it. The likelihood of developing sarcoidosis is higher in people with a family history of the condition.
What is the sarcoidosis treatment?
Many people fully heal without any medical intervention. Drugs are used to lower inflammation or to suppress the immune system when therapy is advised.
Should sarcoidosis be a concern in the workplace?
Sarcoidosis and employment have not been linked, yet. The Mayo Clinic claims that the cause of sarcoidosis is unknown. Additionally, according to the Mayo Clinic, ""some persons may have a genetic tendency to developing the condition, which may be brought on by germs, viruses, dust, or chemicals."""""