Both convertible and non-convertible debentures are available.
After a predetermined amount of time, convertible debentures can be converted into equity shares of the issuing business. Because they can be converted, these bonds are appealing to investors even if they have a lower interest rate.
Debentures that are not convertible:
When the maturity period is over, the principle amount plus accrued interest is paid to the debenture holder. This financial product cannot be converted into equity shares.
NCDs can be classified as either secured or unsecured. Secured redeemable non-convertible debentures are secured by the assets of the firm that issued them, and if that company doesn't make payments, the investor can sell those assets to get their money back.
Non-Convertible Debentures' Advantages
Although they cannot subsequently be changed into equity shares, it offers a high rate of return, and they can be traded on stock exchanges. As a result, unlike with a bank fixed deposit, one can liquidate a debenture and receive their money back. Due to this, non-convertible debentures appear to be a wise investment choice, and as of late, more people are making larger investments in them.
Concerning Non-Convertible Debentures: Risks
They do not provide any form of ownership in the business, such as shares. If one intends to sell them before the maturity period, they also do not offer attractive returns during a recession. Last but not least, NCD returns are taxable, and holders of NCDs are required to pay taxes based on their individual income tax bracket. This also holds true in the event of a sale during the pre-maturity period.
Why Would You Want to Invest in NCD?
Many investors believe that investing in NCDs is advantageous. Because customers don't want to be restricted to fixed bank deposits, NCDs have become more and more popular. There are numerous businesses that occasionally issue debentures as a way to raise capital, and these debenture markets are growing.
Non-convertible debentures are thus a wise and profitable financial instrument. Investment in NCDs makes sense for those seeking better and guaranteed returns. To ensure the security of one's investment, one must nevertheless conduct extensive study before investing in an NCD regarding the issuer's general trustworthiness and repute."""