By definition, bonds are a type of debt instrument. Despite the fact that they don't sound particularly enticing or money-related, they are in fact used to create money. It involves the security of a loan. Your business needs finance, so you turn to the bond market to secure it.
The issuer keeps the debt of the holder and eventually pays the loan's principal and/or interest. Imagine it as a standard loan with a somewhat variable repayment period; some have a length of up to 50 years, while others have no set maturity date. The term of most loans is 30 years.
If you own bonds, you will be required to pay interest at predetermined intervals during the term—typically on a regular basis—and they will in turn finance your efforts to finance long-term investments. Small enterprises as a whole wouldn't necessarily need to choose this route, but big corporations and the government do.
The bond is a loan, even if it is a sizable one. Its owner is referred to as the lender (consider a bank or a larger institution), and the issuer is the borrower. Public authorities, credit institutions, and businesses can also issue bonds in order to increase their wealth; banks are only one of these institutions that can.
Underwriting is a typical procedure where one or more securities firms band together to establish a syndicate. The syndicate then purchases the issue of bonds in its whole from the issuer and resells them to buyers all around the world. This is true for a lot of transactions, but the government also issues bonds through an auction process, which is a very other matter.
While both stocks and bonds are considered securities, there are differences between the ways that they are purchased, sold, and traded. For instance, while stocks are items you buy initially, they don't have a maturity date by which you must pay them off. A stock in something is a very different concept than a bond in it."""