Canada is divided into fourteen jurisdictions, each with its own occupational health and safety laws (one federal, ten provincial, and three territory). The provincial or territorial agency in the region where you work is the organization that most Canadians would contact. There is one exception: No matter where they work, federal employees are protected by federal law, including those who work for Crown corporations and agencies.
Where can I obtain information regarding my responsibilities under Canadian law?
Each jurisdiction's occupational health and safety (OH&S) legislation establishes through an Act or statute and associated regulations the fundamental duties and obligations of the employer, the supervisor, and the employee. An Act's application and enforcement are specified through regulations enacted pursuant to the Act. There are separate OH&S laws for each of the ten provinces, three territories, and the federal government. For hazardous items, specific ""right-to-know"" laws are in effect. The Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System is a collection of complementary federal, provincial, and territorial laws and regulations. It is a thorough plan for disseminating knowledge about dangerous products intended for use in workplaces. All Canadian workplaces that are subject to occupational health and safety laws and that employ hazardous materials covered by WHMIS are covered by its regulations.
Who is subject to the federal government's authority in Canada?
Canada Labour Code Part II and the regulations that fall under it are the popular names for the federal health and safety laws. Both federal departments and federal crown corporations must abide by these statutes. Employees in businesses or industries that operate across provincial or international borders are also covered by the Canada Labour Code. Airports and airlines, banks, including recognized foreign banks, ferries, port services, marine shipping, tunnels, canals, bridges, and pipelines (oil and gas), grain elevators, feed and seed mills, feed warehouses, and grain seed cleaning plants, and road transportation services, including trucks and buses, are some of these businesses. Many pipelines of First Nations activities Telecom networks used for radio and television broadcasting, including telephone, internet, telegraph, and cable systems shipping, shipping services, and railroads systems for telephony and telegraph mining and processing of uranium The federal government's Office of Health and Safety has control over around 6% of the Canadian labor force. The laws of the province or territory where they work apply to the remaining 94% of Canadian workers.
Who is subject to territorial and provincial jurisdictions?
There is a law that applies to the majority of workplaces in each province or territory, usually referred to as the Occupational Health and Safety Act or something similar. Except for private houses where labor is done by the owner, inhabitant, or servants, the Act typically applies to all workplaces. Unless specifically mandated by a specific regulation, it generally does not apply to farming operations. To determine who is or is not covered, one needs examine the jurisdiction and its laws. The name of the government department in charge of OH&S at the provincial and territorial levels differs depending on the jurisdiction. Most frequently, it is referred to as a ministry or department of labor, or the department is given a familiar name, like ""WorkSafe."" Occupational health and safety may fall under the purview of a workers' compensation board or commission in some jurisdictions. The administration and enforcement of each province or territory department's occupational health and safety statute and regulations is their own responsibility. There is a list of the Canadian government agencies in charge of occupational health and safety.
Which regulations must be adhered to if a single corporation has offices across Canada?
If a single corporation has offices spread throughout many Canadian provinces, each location must abide by the laws of its respective province. For instance, if a business runs storage facilities in British Columbia, Manitoba, and Nova Scotia, respectively, each of those facilities would have to adhere to provincial regulations. As stated above, only a limited number of workplaces and industries are covered under Canadian federal law. In contrast to other nations, such the United States of America, where individual state laws are permitted as long as they go beyond the federal minimum criteria, this application sets a nationwide minimum standard. However, keep in mind that many aspects of Canadian law (such as employee rights and obligations, employer obligations, supervisory obligations, etc.) are the same across all provinces and territories. A business that has offices in different jurisdictions is free to create policies and programs that apply equally everywhere as long as they fulfill or surpass the specifications listed for each jurisdiction. For further details, please consult the following OSH Answers: Internal Responsibility System under OH&S Law Law - Due Diligence - OH&S Legislation Regarding OH&S - Basic Duties"""