Thirteen psychosocial risk factors have been identified by researchers at Simon Fraser University based on research and review of empirical data from national and international best practices; the same 13 factors are used in the CSA Standard ""Z1003-13 (R2018) - Psychological health and safety in the workplace -"" The workplace psychosocial factors are an aspect of the workplace that is developed by the culture, policies, expectations, and social attitude of the organization.
What are some instances of psychosocial workplace factors?
Job demands, such as time constraints, work pace, rest breaks, workload, or surges in work, job control, such as perceived lack of participation in decisions, level of influence over work and work outcomes, job satisfaction, such as task variety and variability vs. monotony, opportunities for development, or challenges vs. poor skill utilization, and support, such as social and emotional support, are some examples of workplace psychosocial factors.
""Behavioral responses"" to psychosocial factors – what does that mean?
Behavioural responses to psychosocial factors are actions that a person takes that they are unaware of or that they believe will help them cope with the stresses placed on them. Unfortunately, in many cases these actions actually increase their risk of developing MSDs because they cause them to increase their physical and psychological exposure to some MSD risk factors. The following are a few examples: A person who experiences pain from a certain activity changes their behavior to avoid doing it again.
What psychological alterations occur in an individual as a result of workplace psychosocial factors?
Although there are many theories, the general stress response can generally be divided into two categories: positive and negative. A positive stress response is one that is associated with stressors that are surmountable or achievable; these are challenges that we believe we can accomplish, and with that comes a general sense of engagement, determination, and interest.Negative stress responses are ones that are associated with stressors that are overwhelming or impossible; they are challenges that we believe we can overcome.
How does a person's chance of acquiring a musculoskeletal condition rise as a result of physiological changes brought on by stress?
There is general agreement that workplace psychosocial factors can contribute a significant risk to workers, although it is challenging to directly attribute workplace psychosocial factors as a cause of workplace musculoskeletal disorders due to the number of other factors (biomechanical) that also contribute to the development of musculoskeletal disorders."""