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Bank Statement

Bank Statement
"""A bank's balance sheet displays all of its financial transactions during a specific time period. It indicates the money they have borrowed, the money they have on hand, where it comes from, where it has been placed on credit, and other transactions.

Both approaches of recording it are used. All assets are shown in the left section (asset), while the bank's obligations and capital are positioned in the right section (passive). An obligation of the financial institution is a liability if it is not paid back in a timely manner. An asset is something that can age. The amount left over after all assets have been sold and all liabilities have been settled is frequently referred to as bank capital and represents the owner's equity in a bank. The following equation neatly sums up the relationship between all elements of the balance sheet.

Bank Liabilities + Bank Capital = Bank Assets

Assets that generate income include:

-Money on hand;

-Money held in correspondent accounts;

-Money held in the bank's reserve funds;

-Loans granted to individuals and businesses; (client loan portfolio)

-The award of interbank loans;

-Treasury bills;

-Commodity securities;

All liabilities have different durations and costs depending on the types of funding sources. Deposits from individuals and legal companies, as well as cash from central (national) banks and loans from other commercial banks, are often the main sources of funding.


-Bank and other financial institution funds;

-Client accounts, comprising deposits made by households;

- The promissory notes that the bank has issued;

Liabilities allow bank owners to increase their capital's earning potential significantly beyond what would be feasible with just the bank's capital alone.

Additionally, central banks control bank liabilities by establishing obligatory reserve requirements from drawn-down deposits or by enacting administrative guidelines or rewards.

Liabilities and assets are further separated into current and long-term categories. Assets that are expected to be sold or otherwise converted into cash within a year are considered current assets; otherwise, they are long-term. Liabilities that are current are those that must be paid off within a year; otherwise, they are long-term. When evaluating a bank's liquidity, current assets and liabilities are crucial. Working capital is produced by subtracting current assets from current liabilities. It is a liquidity indicator. If a bank has extra working capital, it can pay its short-term obligations.

Current Assets - Current Liabilities equals Working Capital.

Additionally, banks may get additional funding from the bank's owners, which is referred to as bank capital. The bank's net worth is calculated as bank capital (total assets less total liabilities). The exact net worth of a bank is now harder to ascertain due to recent accounting changes."""

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"Bank Statement" was written by Mary under the Business category. It has been read 26 times and generated 0 comments. The article was created on and updated on 16 November 2022.
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