The Islamic Financial System
Islamic banking has its roots in the seventh century, at the very dawn of Islam. Khadija, the prophet Muhammad's first wife, was a businesswoman, and he served as an agent for her enterprise by employing many of the same tenets of modern Islamic banking. Islamic banking principles were the foundation for commerce and commercial activity in the Muslim world during the Middle Ages. As these ideas expanded throughout Spain, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic States, they may have served as some of the inspiration for modern banking practices in the West. Islamic banking reemerged in the modern era in the 1960s and 1970s. Islamic law, often known as Sharia law, and Islamic economics serve as the foundation for this banking system. The division of profits and losses and the ban on interest collection and payment by lenders and investors are the two fundamental tenets. Islamic banks don't charge or pay interest in the traditional sense, where the payment of interest is preset and seen as the reward for money deposited or the price of credit. Following the notion of variable return linked to the actual productivity and performances of the financed project and the real economy, Islamic law only accepts capital rewards for loan providers on a profit-and-loss-sharing basis. Its entrepreneurial quality is another crucial factor. The system places equal emphasis on the physical expansion of economic production and services as it does on financial expansion. In reality, investment activities including stock finance, trade financing, and real estate investments are more prevalent. All of the banks' endeavors adhere to Islamic standards because this banking system is founded on Islamic principles. So it is possible to say that financial transactions carried out through Islamic banking are an ethical kind of investing that is culturally distinct. Investments involving, for instance, alcohol, gambling, pork, etc. are forbidden. The Islamic banking system has undergone a great evolution over the past forty years, going from a tiny niche that was only visible in Islamic countries to a profitable, dynamic, and robust competitor on a global scale. At the end of 2008, their global market size was predicted to be close to $850 billion, and it is anticipated that they will increase by almost 15% annually. The Islamic financial system still mostly consists on banks, although other parts, such Takaful (Islamic insurance businesses), mutual funds, and Sukuk (Islamic bonds and financial certificates), have also experienced significant global growth. Reliable estimates indicate that the Islamic financial sector now exceeds $1 trillion. Additionally, there is significant room for expansion in this industry. If the system continues to perform as well as it has in the past, its size may double within a decade.
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"The Islamic Financial System"
was written by Mary
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comments. The article was created on 16 November 2022
and updated on 16 November 2022