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Cold, common

Cold, common
"""What causes a typical cold?

The upper respiratory tract, which includes the nose, nasal passages, and throat, gets infected by the common cold. Colds can be brought on by more than 200 viruses. The rhinoviruses are the most prevalent family of viruses to give people the common cold. Rhinoviruses come in more than a hundred different varieties. These are also referred to as ""nose viruses"" after the Greek term ""rhino,"" which means nose.

What signs indicate a common cold?

A person normally experiences symptoms two days after contracting the infection. Red eyes, a sore throat, sneezing, and a runny nose are the first symptoms of a cold. Additional symptoms that could manifest include headache, runny nose, watery eyes, hacking cough, chills, muscle pains, and overall malaise (ill-feeling) that lasts for two to seven days. In some circumstances, this could take two weeks. Laryngitis may accompany the common cold (inflammation of the larynx or """"voice box"""") tracheitis (inflammation of the membrane lining the trachea or """"wind pipe"""") (inflammation of the membrane lining the trachea or """"wind pipe"""") bronchitis (inflammation of the bronchial membranes) (inflammation of the bronchial membranes) Ear infection or asthma flare-up The OSH Solutions Particulates Enter the Respiratory System in What Ways? teaches more about the respiratory system's components. One may become more vulnerable to more severe problems including sinusitis (inflammation of the sinus membranes) and pneumonitis as a result of these inflammations (inflammation of the lungs)

Can a person have a cold virus infection and not exhibit symptoms?

Yes, it is even possible to come into contact with cold viruses without contracting the disease. When a person is infected, they may not exhibit any symptoms, which is referred to as a sub-clinical infection because the infection is not the cause of a disease. Most cold sufferers only have minor symptoms, but more serious colds can include headache, fever, generalized aches and pains, stuffy nose, and coughing.

What is the extent of the common cold?

There are probably very few people who avoid contracting the common cold each year because the sickness is so ubiquitous. Adults are thought to get 2 to 5 colds a year, and this is one of the main reasons people miss work.

How do viruses that cause the common cold spread?

In comparison to other infectious diseases, colds are not particularly contagious. The propagation of cold viruses requires close interpersonal interaction over an extended period of time. In order to infect the nasal membranes, the viruses must enter the nose. Before the virus may reproduce, it must adhere to nasal cells. One way to catch a cold may be via inhaling infected droplets released when someone else coughs or sneezes. Even if cold viruses spend a few hours outside the body, they can still spread infection. If you handle something that is infected with a cold virus and then rub your eyes or shove your contaminated finger up your nose, you could get sick. When you rub your eyes, the cold viruses can enter the nose because the virus can travel through the tear ducts that lead from the eyes into the nasal cavities.

Does the common cold have a treatment?

No, there is no treatment and no vaccine at this time. Non-prescription medications used to treat the symptoms as well as enough rest and fluid intake may be helpful. Regular hand washing with soap and water and the use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers in the absence of soap and water are among the healthy behaviors that can help prevent the spread of the common cold. avoiding being in close proximity to sick people using a tissue or coughing and sneezing into your elbow (and throw away the tissue immediately) adopting proper hygiene techniques, such as disinfecting and cleaning surfaces that could be contaminated and handled by others, or using social distance, to avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth (e.g., keeping 1-2 metres between individuals, using teleconferencing or remote work technology, etc.)

Are colds brought on by chills or exposure to the cold?

Simply put, no. Those whose skin has cooled down may sneeze. Because they stay indoors more frequently and for longer periods of time, people are more likely to contract colds when the weather is cold than when it is warm outside. Getting a cold is more commonly attributed to cool weather than to close, extended contact with sick people. Some individuals believe that being around cool air from air conditioners can lead to colds. Once more, the problem is not the temperature."""
 

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"Cold, common" was written by Mary under the Health category. It has been read 18 times and generated 0 comments. The article was created on and updated on 15 January 2023.
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