A hazard control program includes all measures required to safeguard employees from exposure to a substance or system, as well as the training and protocols necessary to track employee exposure to and health from hazards like chemicals, materials, or substances, as well as other kinds of hazards like noise and vibration. The strategies being utilized to reduce exposure should be specified in a written workplace hazard reduction program, together with how their efficacy will be checked.
How can I determine the type of control approach required?
Making the right control method choice is not always simple. Risk assessments are frequently performed in order to rank the dangers and risks. Additionally, it is necessary to research both ""typical"" and any probable or unexpected situations. Every software should be uniquely created to meet the requirements of the various workplaces. As a result, no two programs will be identical. Evaluation and selection of both temporary and permanent controls may be necessary when choosing a control mechanism. putting in place transitory (engineering) controls while permanent ones are being built. Whenever it is reasonably possible, implementing permanent controls. Workers might be required to wear hearing protection under temporary measures, like in the case of a noise hazard. Engineering techniques may be used as long-term, permanent controls to get rid of or isolate the noise source.
Why should hazard controls be used in the workplace?
The employer is always obligated to exercise due care and is in charge of ""taking all possible precautions, under the individual circumstances, to prevent injuries or events in the workplace."" Legislation will specifically list some risks and their controls. You should seek advice from occupational health specialists such as an occupational hygienist, ergonomist, engineer, or safety professional about what is the ""best practice"" or ""standard practice"" when working in that situation if there is no obvious way to control a hazard or if legislation does not impose a limit or guideline. Table 1 Remember! Never consider a legal restriction or recommendation (such as an occupational exposure limit) to constitute the boundary between what is ""safe"" and ""unsafe"". The ideal strategy is to always minimize exposures to or the risk of a hazard.
What are the primary means of hazard control?
The following are the primary controls for hazards: Elimination: removing the risk from the work environment. Substitution: swap out the risk (such as dangerous goods, equipment, etc.) for a less risky one. Engineering controls: include designs or adjustments to facilities, machinery, ventilation setups, and procedures that lessen exposure sources. Administrative controls: measures taken to change how work is carried out, such as the timing of tasks, adherence to policies and other norms, and standard operating procedures (including training, housekeeping, and equipment maintenance, and personal hygiene practices). Personal protective equipment is gear that people wear to lessen exposure to things like contact with chemicals or noise exposure. The phrase ""hierarchy of control"" is another name for these techniques. Please refer to the Hierarchy of Control page in the OSH Answers section for further details.
What environments employ controls?
Typically, controls are positioned: at the source (where the hazard """"comes from""""). on the route (where the hazard """"travels""""). at the employee. Controlling the risk at its source is the best course of action (Figure 2). Engineering controls can also refer to control at the source and control throughout the path.
Why is it crucial to monitor and evaluate your hazard control strategies and procedures?
To ensure that the control is effective and that exposure to the risk is decreased or eliminated, it is crucial to continuously monitor both the hazard and the control mechanism. Physical examination, testing, exposure assessment, observations, recording of injuries and illnesses, reports of incident investigations, employee feedback or input, occupational health assessment, and other techniques are some of the tools. Make sure to respond to the following inquiries: Has the issue been resolved by the controls? Is the risk that the initial threat posed contained? Have any new dangers emerged? Are new risks being properly controlled? Are monitoring methods sufficient? Have employees received enough information regarding the situation? Has the curriculum for orientation and training been changed to accommodate the current circumstances? Are any other actions necessary? Has your committee's record of the effectiveness of hazard controls been kept? What else is possible? Adapted from the Saskatchewan Government's Occupational Health and Safety Committee Manual. A evaluation will point out any areas that might need more tweaking or improvement. It is crucial to understand whether all workplace risks have been found, evaluated, and effectively controlled. All organization employees must be informed about potential risks and how to avoid them."""