1. Bond prices and interest rates: Generally, bond prices and interest rates are negatively connected! Prices increase when these rates decrease, and vice versa when they increase. The price that is paid for bonds at the conclusion of the period is known as the par value. Typically, markets set them at 100, or $1,000 per bond, at maturity. However, during that time, prices may increase or decrease, which affects problems with liquidity!
2. Mortgage rates: Over the past few years, we have seen and experienced historically low mortgage interest rates, which have benefited the real estate and housing sector generally, particularly in terms of price increases! Home prices are at their highest points ever in the majority of this country, by a sizable, dramatic amount! A property buyer can purchase more homes for their money when this rate is low because his monthly payments are so low! However, think about the possible consequences and effects that a rise in these rates might have.
3. Consumer credit: Low borrowing costs, support for the auto sector, consumer financing, etc. Rates on credit card debt are lower, and there are frequently shorter-term promotions offering deals, though not as frequently as with other types of debt. What transpires when there is a rise in this, though, given that the majority of them are changeable and depending on some index, etc.?
4. Business borrowing costs: This is another area that gets impacted! They currently have access to relatively cheap money, which helps to lower the costs of borrowing, general operating expenses, inventory purchases, etc. But what happens as this increases?
5. Effects on stock market prices: For a while, many people believed that the stock market was the only game in town because bonds paid so little in dividends and other forms of income. We have also noticed a higher ratio of prices to earnings than in the past, and many firms look to be doing better than they actually are. When will this be over? How far can it rise?
The Federal Reserve, politics, government activities, actual and/or perceived inflation, consumer confidence, and other factors all have an impact on these problems. Hopefully, the more you are aware of and comprehend, the more ready you will be!"""