The Transportation of Dangerous Products (TDG) Act and its associated rules govern the transportation of dangerous goods in Canada. Every person who transports these commodities is subject to these laws. Both ""special circumstances"" and ""special provisions,"" which are exclusions that may be invoked when shipping particular risky commodities, are listed in the regulations. The majority of these exclusions are to commodities that pose a low to medium danger to the general public and the environment when transported in small quantities. While most people believe that TDG applies exclusively to enterprises and commerce, it also affects the general population when they transport hazardous materials for their own purposes. Examples are when members of the public move gasoline in jerrycans, oxygen gas cylinders (used, for example, in welding, diving, or for medicinal purposes), or propane cylinders (e.g., used for BBQs, welding, etc.). Due to the exemptions, the majority of individuals are unaware that they must adhere to the TDG standards. Note: This publication provides an overview of the TDG's unique provisions and situations (exemptions). The following details are offered solely for your guidance. To guarantee compliance, always examine the TDG Act and Regulations. Please review the following files in this series as well: TDG - General TDG - Education Classification under TDG Nine Classes of TDG
How can I tell if a product is hazardous?
Check the label on the product's container whether you are a manufacturer, distributor, or end user (such as an employer who has purchased products from a retail store or while shipping merchandise from one workplace location to another area). The product might also be regarded as a ""dangerous good"" when carried if the label includes words like toxic, poison, corrosive, flammable, gas, compressed gas, contents under pressure, aerosol, oxidizer, reactive, peroxide, unstable, contagious, or biohazardous material. It is advised that you get in touch with the manufacturer (or supplier) and get a proof of TDG classification document if you are delivering this product and are unsure if it qualifies as a dangerous good. Anyone transporting hazardous materials is required to have a ""proof of classification"" paperwork. Visit OSH Answers Transport of Dangerous Goods Regulations- Classification for more on ""evidence of classification."" The shipper (consigner) shall adhere to the classification requirements in Part 2 of the TDG Regulations if a proof of classification is not available. Take note that Section 14 - Transport information in some Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) may include TDG designations. Section 14 of an SDS is not a required section according to WHMIS 2015 requirements, hence this information might not be presented.
What categories of exemptions exist?
There are exemptions for ""exceptional instances"" as well as ""specific provisions."" Special provisions may either introduce new requirements or permit an exemption from a certain section of the TDG Regulations. Schedule 1, Column 5 has a list of special provisions. The special provision's specifics are stated in Schedule 2. Examples of special provisions include packing instructions (such as the good may not be permitted to be packed in the same means of containment with another product), whether or under what circumstances the good's technical name must appear on the shipping document, what rules apply when other circumstances are present (such as the use of a specialized means of containment), etc. Check to see if a special case can be utilized if no special provisions are applicable. Special circumstances might provide an alternative method of compliance or a waiver from all, some, or only aspects of the TDG regulations. Sections 1.15 through 1.50 of Part 1 of the TDG Regulations list special instances. There will be a set of requirements for each unique scenario. In special cases, it is important to take into account the type of dangerous good, specific circumstances (such as use on a farm or for personal use), whether an Emergency Response Action Plan (ERAP) is necessary for that dangerous good, how much is being shipped (such as the capacity of each individual means of containment (MOC), and how much of all dangerous goods and MOCs will be shipped collectively). According to the TDG regulations, there are a number of special case exclusions, such as: •By quantity (e.g., 150 kg, 500 kg, limited quantity, excluded quantity, etc); (e.g., medical device or article; samples for inspection or investigation; samples for classifying, analysing or testing; samples for demonstration; national defence; etc.) •By industry (for example, pesticides, anhydrous ammonia for agriculture, and so forth). •By place or certain circumstances (e.g., transportation at a facility; emergency response; transportation between two properties; etc.) •Using confinement techniques (e.g., remains on means of transport used, or contained in a fuel tank permanently installed on the means of transport; etc.) •By means of delivery (e.g., road, air, marine) •By product type or hazardous good (e.g., explosives, ammonia, resin kits, infectious substances, equipment with dangerous goods, etc.) Remember that a dangerous good is completely regulated if Schedule 2 (Special Provisions) or Part 1 (Special Cases) do not contain an exception, in which case the shipment must adhere to all applicable TDG Regulations criteria. Also keep in mind that just because something is exempt doesn't imply it isn't controlled. Any additional or supplementary standards must still be met for the shipment of dangerous products.
What is an illustration of a typical exemption?
Take the 150 kg gross mass exemption, for instance. The TDG Regulations' Section 1.15 lists it as an exceptional situation. Small quantities of commonly accessible dangerous items, such as a gasoline jerrycan, BBQ propane, pool chemicals, nail polish, and paint, may be transported without a permit under Section 1.15(d). Shippers are completely exempt from the TDG Regulations when all requirements for this exemption are satisfied. NOTE: All requirements must be met; see Section 1.15 of the TDG Regulations for details. When utilizing this exceptional case exemption, it's crucial to keep in mind that the dangerous items must be packaged in a way that weights 30 kg or less and be available to the general public in a retail outlet (except for gases – see below). The dangerous goods must be transported by a user or purchaser of the dangerous goods or by a retailer (e.g., hardware store, automotive industry store, pool supply store, or farm co-op) to or from a user or purchaser of the dangerous goods. According to this clause of the exemption, carriers who are not the retailer are not permitted to use it. However, a buyer who purchases gasoline in a jerrycan and takes it to a project site for use in chain saws or other equipment is eligible to make use of this exception. The combined gross mass of all dangerous commodities, including gasoline, propane, oxygen gas cylinders, and other items, cannot exceed 150 kg. “Gross mass"""" includes the weight of the means of containment (i.e. the container itself) and the contents. Flammable gases, such as propane or acetylene, are limited to a cylinder capacity of 46L. The means of containment (i.e., the cylinder) must comply with Part 5 of the TDG Regulations. The means of containment must be strong and secured to prevent accidental release of the dangerous good. This exemption must not be combined with: Exemptions in Sections 1.16 (500 kg exemption), 1.21 (agricultural exemption) or 1.22 (agricultural exemption), or A shipment of dangerous goods that requires a shipping document This exemption must not be used to transport: Forbidden dangerous goods Dangerous goods that require an ERAP (as required in column 7 of Schedule 1) Dangerous goods that require a control or emergency temperature Most Class 1 explosives. Class 2.1 Flammable Gases in cylinders that have a capacity of 46-litre or more Class 2.3 Toxic Gases Class 4, Packing Group I (Flammable Solids, Spontaneously Combustible, Dangerous When Wet) Class 5.2 Organic Peroxides unless they are limited quantities as per Section 1.17 and Column 6a of Schedule 1. Class 6.1 Toxic Substances, Packing Group I, liquids Class 6.2 Infectious Substances Class 7 (Radioactive) that requires licensing by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission"""