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The Department of Education (DepEd) initially conceptualized and launched the Breakfast Feeding Program (BFP) in 1997 to address the short-term hunger (STH) syndrome among the public school children. Short-term hunger is a condition experienced by children who do not eat breakfast and walk long distance to reach school. As the program progressed, it shifted to address a more serious problem of undernutrition which is a global public concern because it commonly causes death among children. However, this is preventable and treatable according to World Health Organization (WHO). According to the DepEd-Health and Nutrition Center (HNC) 2010 Report, 15.58% of the children in public elementary schools are undernourished and poor health and nutrition have ill-effects on the academic performance of the children. Under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the target is to reduce the prevalence of undernutrition by 50% in 2015. Thus, the DepEd issues the Guidelines on the Implementation of the Breakfast Feeding Program for School Year (SY) 2011-2012 to arrest undernutrition among school children.
The BFP aims to rehabilitate at least 70% of the beneficiaries at the end of 100-120 feeding days. Specifically, the program aims to ensure 85-100% attendance among the target beneficiaries and improve the children's health and nutrition values and behavior.
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