Title IV Chapter 1: General Provisions | Family Code of the Philippines
TITLE IV FAMILY CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES – We are going to know about Chapter 1 of Title IV of the Family Code of the Philippines.
The Family Code of the Philippines of 1987 was enacted into law by the 11th President of the Philippines Maria Corazon Cojuangco Aquino.The EO was meant to supplant Book I of the Civil Code which concerns persons and family relations. Work on the said law began in 1979 and was drafted by two successive committees, with the first chaired by Supreme Court Justice Romero, and the second by former Supreme Court Justice J.B.L. Reyes.EO 209 covers fields significant public interest, which also includes the laws on marriage.
ContentsThe first chapter are general provisions of Title IV in the Family Code of the Philippines. Here they are, according to this website:
Article 74The property relationship between husband and wife shall be governed in the following order:
By marriage settlements executed before the marriage;By the provisions of this Code; andBy the local custom. (118)
Article 75The future spouses may, in the marriage settlements, agree upon the regime of absolute community, conjugal partnership of gains, complete separation other regime. In the absence of a marriage settlement, or when the regime agreed upon is void, the system of absolute community of property as established in this Code shall govern. (119a)
Article 76In order that any modification in the marriage settlements may be valid, it must be made before the celebration of the marriage, subject to the provisions of Articles 66, 67, 128, 135 and 136. (121)
Article 77The marriage settlements and any modification thereof shall be in writing, signed by the parties and executed before the celebration of the marriage. They shall not prejudice third persons unless they are registered in the local civil registry where the marriage contract is recorded as well as in the proper registries of properties. (122a)
Article 78A minor who according to law may contract marriage may also execute his or her marriage settlements, but they shall be valid only if the persons designated in Article 14 to give consent to the marriage are made parties to the agreement, subject to the provisions of Title IX of this Code. (120a)
Article 79For the validity of any marriage settlement executed by a person upon whom a sentence of civil interdiction has been pronounced or who is subject to any other disability, it shall be indispensable for the guardian appointed by a competent court to be made a party thereto. (123a)
Article 80In the absence of a contrary stipulation in a marriage settlement, the property relations of the spouses shall be governed by Philippine laws, regardless of the place of the celebration of the marriage and their residence.This rule shall not apply:
Where both spouses are aliens;With respect to the extrinsic validity of contracts affecting property not situated in the Philippines and executed in the country where the property is located; andWith respect to the extrinsic validity of contracts entered into in the Philippines but affecting property situated in a foreign country whose laws require different formalities for its extrinsic validity. (124a)