TITLE IX FAMILY CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES – We are now going to know about the fifth chapter of Title IX of Executive Order No. 209.
The Family Code of the Philippines of 1987 was enacted into law by the 11th President of the Philippines Maria Corazon Cojuangco Aquino.
The EO was meant to supplant Book I of the Civil Code which concerns persons and family relations. Work on the said law began in 1979 and was drafted by two successive committees, with the first chaired by Supreme Court Justice Romero, and the second by former Supreme Court Justice J.B.L. Reyes.EO 209 covers fields significant public interest, which also includes the laws on marriage.
ContentsChapter 5 in Title IX in the Executive Order No. 209 is titled Suspension or Termination of Parental Authority. Here are the contents of this chapter, according to this website:
Article 228Parental authority terminates permanently:
Upon the death of the parents;Upon the death of the child; orUpon emancipation of the child. (327a)
Article 229Unless subsequently revived by a final judgment, parental authority also terminates:
Upon adoption of the child;Upon appointment of a general guardian;Upon judicial declaration of abandonment of the child in a case filed for the purpose;Upon final judgment of a competent court divesting the party concerned of parental authority; orUpon judicial declaration of absence or incapacity of the person exercising parental authority. (327a)
Article 230Parental authority is suspended upon conviction of the parent or the person exercising the same of a crime which carries with it the penalty of civil interdiction. The authority is automatically reinstated upon service of the penalty or upon pardon or amnesty of the offender. (330a)
Article 231The court in an action filed for the purpose in a related case may also suspend parental authority if the parent or the person exercising the same:
Treats the child with excessive harshness or cruelty;Gives the child corrupting orders, counsel or example;Compels the child to beg; orSubjects the child or allows him to be subjected to acts of lasciviousness.
The grounds enumerated above are deemed to include cases which have resulted from culpable negligence of the parent or the person exercising parental authority.If the degree of seriousness so warrants, or the welfare of the child so demands, the court shall deprive the guilty party of parental authority or adopt such other measures as may be proper under the circumstances.The suspension or deprivation may be revoked and the parental authority revived in a case filed for the purpose or in the same proceeding if the court finds that the cause therefor has ceased and will not be repeated. (33a)
Article 232If the person exercising parental authority has subjected the child or allowed him to be subjected to sexual abuse, such person shall be permanently deprived by the court of such authority. (n)
Article 233The person exercising substitute parental authority shall have the same authority over the person of the child as the parents.In no case shall the school administrator, teacher of individual engaged in child care exercising special parental authority inflict corporal punishment upon the child. (n)
READ ALSO: Title IX Chapter 4: Effect of Parental Authority Upon the Property of the Children
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